- Byzantine system of eight modes, possibly originating in monasteries around eighth-century Jerusalem. As in the Western modes, there are four authentic (higher) and four plagal (lower) modes, with finales on D, E, F, and G. The Byzantine system differs in use: a single mode is employed for all chanting for the week Sunday to Sunday, when it is succeeded by the next mode, until the cycle is completed through eight weeks, at which point it recommences.
Historical dictionary of sacred music. Joseph P. Swain. 2006.
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